Adverse effects

After an operation, patients can suffer the following adverse effects:

  • Impact on appearance, in patients who have lost their breast and in whom reconstruction has not been possible
  • Secondary complications after surgery
  • Lymphoedema (swelling of the arm in the area operated on)
  • Superficial lymphatic thrombosis (inflammation that develops on the underside of the arm after removal of the axillary lymph nodes)
  • Collection of fluid in the area of the surgical incision