What is hematology?

In the blood we find several types of cells:

  • Red blood cells, whose main purpose is the transport of oxygen to the tissues.
  • White blood cells, which fight infections
  • Platelets, which are important in blood clotting.

All these blood cells are produced in the bone marrow, and then enter bloodstream.

Hematology is the branch of Medicine that studies blood diseases. Thus, as hematologists, we treat the diseases of the red blood cells (decrease: anemias; increase: polycythaemia), as well as those of the white blood cells and platelets. Furthermore, there are other diseases that hematologists treat and that originate in the lymph nodes: lymphomas.