How is it diagnosed?

Diagnosis of prostate cancer is confirmed by a biopsy of prostate tissue by means of a transrectal ecograph. This tissue is analyzed to detect existence of cancer.

Once the presence of prostate cancer has been confirmed, the following tests are recommended:

Depending on the results of these tests, a decision will be taken on performing more tests; for example, a PET scan (Positon Emission Tomography).

  • X-ray of the thorax: to check for cancer infection of the lungs.
  • Abdominal-pelvic TC: to check for cancer infection in organs close to the prostate (rectum, etc.), ganglia and liver.
  • Bone gammagraph: shows if cancer has spread to the bones.
  • Endorectal nuclear magnetic resonance: performed by placing an endorectal coil where the RMN transducer is introduced. This helps to identify the tumour and to check whether the prostatic capsule or the seminal vesicles are infected.